The Job Demands-Resources Model (JD-R) is a model that explores employee well-being. It is used by managers to predict employee engagement and employee burnout. The model categorises working conditions into two groups 1) Job demands
2) Job resources/positives.
This model essentially states that when job demands are high and job resources are low then factors such as stress and burnout are increased. Alternatively, when job demands are high and job resources are high then factors such as work engagement and
performance levels are improved.
Work pressure and heavy workload
Emotional, physical and psychological demands
Career and personal development opportunities
Training, mentoring and coaching
Identify Job demands
Address Job demands
Identify potential Job resources/positives
Address job resources/positives
HIGH DEMAND + HIGH SUPPORT = ACTIVE JOB
This is a very powerful combination in the workplace, and is the ideal situation you’d want all team members to be in. Employees that are on this level of engagement and job satisfaction – their performance allows them to generate personal resources (self-esteem, optimism, resilience, self-efficacy, multi-skilling),
which will buffer performance.