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What is the GRPI Model?

Richard Beckhard's model is an approach used to increase the effectiveness of team development and can be used as a formula for leading high-performance teams. It can also purposely serve for identifying potential causes of team dysfunction and raising awareness about performance issues within a team.

What does GRPI stand for?

The four main aspects of this model are Goals, Roles, Processes and Interpersonal Relationships. Each of these will be outlined in detail below.


  • Clarity of objective, target and priorities
  • Full understanding by all team members
  • All members committed to set standards and the same expectations
  • Precise deadlines
  • Goals that fit in with atmosphere and environment


  • Clear roles and responsibilities
  • Individual responsibilities match team goals
  • All members aware of every other member's individual responsibilities
  • Understanding of boundaries


  • Procedures working correctly (collaboration in problem-solving, dealing with conflict, open/good communication, effective decision making)
  • Clear levels of authority and coordination of workload

Interpersonal Relationships

  • Healthy climate of well-respected colleagues
  • Trust and flexibility
  • Culture of frequent feedback

How is the GRPI Model Useful?

This model can be useful for when teams are stuck and leaders need to review aspects of teamwork. If all the sections of the pyramid (top to bottom) have been reviewed – high-performance teams evolve from these high-impact leadership skills. This model has a clear mission – enhance performance and support high achievement.

Limitations of the GRPI Model 

However, this model has its limitations. As we can see, it is a very static model. Its purpose refers to a specific point in time and is not as useful to all phases of a team's development. 

GRPI Pyramid



Annette B. Czernik, (2012). GRPI Model, Beckhard. [image]