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Diversity Quiz #3 - Questions and Answers
Two answers are required for each question -
- the 'non-English' word that was adopted into English, and
- the language from which it came (directly into English)
How many do you know? Some of the source languages are surprising.
Diversity Quiz #3 - Questions
- Dust or camouflage colour or material?
- Specialized raiding party soldier?
- Fondness for travel?
- View, and replacement windows?
- Cross symbol with loop for top element?
- Returning hunting weapon?
- Business magnate, originally 'great prince'?
- Gambling house?
- Hot Indian curry thought to refer originally to 'wine garlic sauce'?
- Popular animated movie and personal web pic?
- Dance event or nightclub?
- The Virgin Mary?
- Firm imposed instruction or resolution?
- Whirlpool or great turbulence?
- Vast Arctic mashlands with underlying permafrost?
- Racial segregation?
- Small one-person closed watertight canoe?
- Small four-stringed guitar?
- Unexpected good fortune or prosperous success?
Diversity Quiz #3 - Answers
- Dust or camouflage colour or material? Khaki - Urdu (official language of Pakistan - also ancient in India, influenced by Persian and Arabic - Khaki derives originally from kak, Persian for dust)
- Specialized raiding party soldier? Commando - Portuguese (originally referred to Boers in S Africa)
- Fondness for travel? Wanderlust - German
- View, and replacement windows? Vista - Italian (meaning view, from visto, seen - Vista was also a not especially successful replacement for Microsoft's Windows computer operating system)
- Slaughterhouse? Abattoir - French (from abbattre, meaning to fell or cut down)
- Cross symbol with loop for top element? Ankh - Egyptian (meaning life or soul - the symbol resembles a person)
- Returning hunting weapon? Boomerang - Aboriginal (native Australian)
- Business magnate, originally 'great prince'? Tycoon - Japanese (came into Japanese from Chinese 'da jun')
- Gambling house? Casino - Italian (originally a public meeting room or summer house)
- Hot Indian curry thought to refer originally to 'wine garlic sauce'? Vindaloo - Portuguese (probably from 'vin d'alho', wine and garlic [sauce])
- Popular animated movie and personal web pic? Avatar - Sanskrit (less correctly Indian or Hindu - Sanskrit is the ancient Indo-European language, used in Indian Hindu and classical writings, which persists today in Indian religious and scholarly work - Avatar meant originally away and pass over, and more recently means embodiment)
- Dance event or nightclub? Disco or fully Discotheque - French (originally referred to a record library)
- The Virgin Mary? Madonna - Italian (meaning 'my lady')
- Firm imposed instruction or resolution? Diktat - German
- Whirlpool or great turbulence? Maelstrom - Dutch (from maalen, grind or whirl around)
- Vast Arctic mashlands with underlying permafrost? Tundra - Lappish (Lapps - now called Sami or Saami - are the indigenous people from the extreme north of Europe including parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia, a region referred to now as Sápmi)
- Racial segregation? Apartheid - Afrikaans (or more loosely and slightly less correctly South African, it means literally 'apart-hood')
- Small one-person closed watertight canoe? Kayak - Inuit (or less politically correct, Eskimo)
- Small four-stringed guitar? Ukulele - Hawaiian (it means 'jumping flea')
- Unexpected good fortune or prosperous success? Bonanza - Spanish (technically US-Spanish - originally meaning fair weather or prosperity)