Diversity Questions (182)

Two answers are required for each question -

  • the 'non-English' word that was adopted into English, and
  • the language from which it came (directly into English)

How many do you know? Some of the source languages are surprising.

 

  1. Dust or camouflage colour or material?
  2. Specialized raiding party soldier?
  3. Fondness for travel?
  4. View, and replacement windows?
  5. Slaughterhouse?
  6. Cross symbol with loop for top element?
  7. Returning hunting weapon?
  8. Business magnate, originally 'great prince'?
  9. Gambling house?
  10. Hot Indian curry thought to refer originally to 'wine garlic sauce'?
  11. Popular animated movie and personal web pic?
  12. Dance event or nightclub?
  13. The Virgin Mary?
  14. Firm imposed instruction or resolution?
  15. Whirlpool or great turbulence?
  16. Vast Arctic mashlands with underlying permafrost?
  17. Racial segregation?
  18. Small one-person closed watertight canoe?
  19. Small four-stringed guitar?
  20. Unexpected good fortune or prosperous success?

Diversity Answers 3 (182)

Two answers are required for each question -

  • the 'non-English' word that was adopted into English, and
  • the language from which it came (directly into English)

How many do you know? Some of the source languages are surprising.

 

  1. Dust or camouflage colour or material? Khaki - Urdu (official language of Pakistan - also ancient in India, influenced by Persian and Arabic - Khaki derives originally from kak, Persian for dust)
  2. Specialized raiding party soldier? Commando - Portuguese (originally referred to Boers in S Africa)
  3. Fondness for travel? Wanderlust - German
  4. View, and replacement windows? Vista - Italian (meaning view, from visto, seen - Vista was also a not especially successful replacement for Microsoft's Windows computer operating system)
  5. Slaughterhouse? Abattoir - French (from abbattre, meaning to fell or cut down)
  6. Cross symbol with loop for top element? Ankh - Egyptian (meaning life or soul - the symbol resembles a person)
  7. Returning hunting weapon? Boomerang - Aboriginal (native Australian)
  8. Business magnate, originally 'great prince'? Tycoon - Japanese (came into Japanese from Chinese 'da jun')
  9. Gambling house? Casino - Italian (originally a public meeting room or summer house)
  10. Hot Indian curry thought to refer originally to 'wine garlic sauce'? Vindaloo - Portuguese (probably from 'vin d'alho', wine and garlic [sauce])
  11. Popular animated movie and personal web pic? Avatar - Sanskrit (less correctly Indian or Hindu - Sanskrit is the ancient Indo-European language, used in Indian Hindu and classical writings, which persists today in Indian religious and scholarly work - Avatar meant originally away and pass over, and more recently means embodiment)
  12. Dance event or nightclub? Disco or fully Discotheque - French (originally referred to a record library)
  13. The Virgin Mary? Madonna - Italian (meaning 'my lady')
  14. Firm imposed instruction or resolution? Diktat - German
  15. Whirlpool or great turbulence? Maelstrom - Dutch (from maalen, grind or whirl around)
  16. Vast Arctic mashlands with underlying permafrost? Tundra - Lappish (Lapps - now called Sami or Saami - are the indigenous people from the extreme north of Europe including parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia, a region referred to now as Sápmi)
  17. Racial segregation? Apartheid - Afrikaans (or more loosely and slightly less correctly South African, it means literally 'apart-hood')
  18. Small one-person closed watertight canoe? Kayak - Inuit (or less politically correct, Eskimo)
  19. Small four-stringed guitar? Ukulele - Hawaiian (it means 'jumping flea')
  20. Unexpected good fortune or prosperous success? Bonanza - Spanish (technically US-Spanish - originally meaning fair weather or prosperity)



Last modified: Wednesday, 10 October 2018, 2:08 PM