Perhaps the most noticeable aspects of McGregor's XY Theory - and the easiest to illustrate - are found in the behaviours of autocratic managers and organisations which use autocratic management styles. These managers - who fall into the category "Theory X" - can be hard to deal with as an employee. Here we discuss a few tips and techniques used to handle an autocratic manager.
Nudge theory is a flexible and modern change-management concept for:
understanding of how people think, make decisions, and behave,
helping people improve their thinking and decisions,
managing change of all sorts, and
identifying and modifying existing unhelpful influences on people.
Nudge theory was named and popularized by the 2008 book, 'Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness', written by American academics Richard H Thaler and Cass R Sunstein. The book is based strongly on the Nobel prize-winning work of the Israeli-American Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky. Nudge theory is a highly innovative, effective model for change-management.