Business Thesaurus


Quick easy glossary of business terms and definitions including the main terminology used in business, plus many more unusual, interesting and amusing words and expressions found in business and management, and the wider world of work and modern life.

Browse the glossary using this index

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A

ability

skill, intelligence, competence, experience, expertise, capability

accelerate

hasten, increase, expedite

acceptable

reasonable, fair, appropriate

access

permission, entry, obtain

accessible

reachable, available, easily entered

accommodation

arrangement, agreement, place to stay or live

account

statement, description, report, facts

accountability

responsibility, duty, expectation, contract, deliverable, deliverables

accountable

responsible, answerable, explainable, duty-bound

accrue

increase, accumulate, grow, collect

achievement

goal, objective, target

acquire

obtain, buy, gain, procure, get, take over

act

deed, perform, execute, procedure

activity

action, job, duty

adapt

change, modify, adjust, alter

add

increase, calculate, attach

adjourn

pause, break, take a break, finish

adjunct

attachment, supplement, addendum

adjust

change, alter, rectify, amend, modify, make more suitable

adopt

accept, use, buy

adverse

negative, hostile, opposed, unfavorable

advice

input, help, assistance, recommendation, suggestion, feedback

advise

inform, help, tell, post, brief, notify, counsel, instruct

agency

organisation, service provider, representative organization

agenda

list, schedule, program, programme, concerns, motive, motives, wish-list, drivers, expectation, expectations

agent

contractor, operator, dealer, representative, middle-man

aggressive

determined, firm, pushy, vigorous

agreement

arrangement, promise, contract, understanding

aid

help, assistance, support

aim

goal, purpose, objective, intention

alliance

agreement, partnership

allot

share, apportion, distribute, allocate

allow

permit, let, agree, grant, concede

amass

collect, gather, store, accumulate

ambition

goal, desire, aspiration, hope, vision

amend

alter, change, correct, rectify, adjust, revise

amount

quantity, sum

analyse

examine, study, analyze

analysis

examination, study, exploration, assessment, calculation

annul

invalidate, cancel, dissolve, make void, nullify

appeal

request, plea, ask, attraction

application

request, use (of something)

appoint

choose, pick, elect, select

apportion

divide, share, allocate, distribute

appraise

judge, consider, examine, assess, review

appropriate

save, take, seize, keep

approval

agreement, permission, consent, endorsement

approve

agree, allow, permit, accept, grant endorse

aptitude

ability, skill, leaning, gift, talent

archive

collection, collect, store, file, documentation

arrange

plan, formulate, set, order, structure, manage, organise, organize

array

collection, group, number (of)

article

item, piece, thing, legal document

assemble

gather, collect, compile, fit together

assess

calculate, judge, measure, form an opinion, gauge, analyze

assessment

opinion, judgment, calculation, estimate

associate

colleague, member, co-worker, partner, business partner, contractor

assured

certain, definite

attach

join, connect, fasten, add

attribute

quality, feature, speciality, credit, specialty

authorise

allow, permit, grant, authorize

authority

power, permission, control, sway, leading special knowledge

available

free, ready, potential, offered, on offer

average

typical, normal, usual, mean, medium, standard, par

B

backup

copy, help, extra, contingency

bail out

rescue, leave

balance

remainder, amount owed, adjust, correlate, equalise, equalize

balloon

grow, expand, swell, enlarge

ban

disallow, bar, exclude, prohibit, embargo

bank

collect, store

barrier

problem, restriction, obstacle

basic

fundamental, intrinsic, foundational, simple

basis

reason why, motive, grounds

batch

group, collection, bundle, pack

battle

competition, struggle, argument, effort

beat

defeat, outdo, win, exceed, surpass

beleaguered

beset, experiencing difficulties, isolated, stranded, criticised, criticized

bespoke

tailor-made, made to measure

bet

gamble, risk, be rash, venture

bias

against, for, towards, tendency, influence in favour of, in favor of

bid

offer, attempt, tender

books

accounts

boost

increase, improve, strengthen, augment

boycott

avoid, refuse, shun

brand

type, design, kind, sort, trademark

branded

labelled, well-known, named, patented, labeled

breakdown

fail, failure, end, list of details

breakthrough

discovery, development, emerge

brief

instructions, explanation, summary, inform, short, concise, quick

build

increase, develop, progress, create

bulletin

report, news

burden

duty, responsibility, onus, difficulty

burgeon

rapidly grow, develop, escalate, swell

business

company, organisation, work, commerce, trade, affairs, organization, venture, corporation, enterprise, concern, activity

buy

purchase, obtain with money, invest in

buyer

purchaser, investor, customer

C

cancel

annul, discontinue, call off, stop, nullify

candidate

applicant, contender, entrant

cap

limit, surpass

caretaker

custodian, janitor

cargo

goods, freight, supplies, wares

catalogue

list, record , catalog

category

group, classification

cater

provide, supply

ceiling

limit, restriction, largest amount

certification

qualification, authentication

certify

authenticate, confirm, state officially

chain

group, series, line

change

alter, amend, replace, modulate, make different

channel

route, direct

charge

claim, accuse, responsibility

chart

list, diagram, graph, draw

charter

hire, lease, rent, record, permit written statement

chartered

qualified, hired, rented, leased

cheat

trick, deceive, defraud

check

stop, control, examine, investigate, halt make certain

chief

main, head, most important, highest ranking

choice

selection, range, option, good quality

circular

advertisement, publication, notice, letter, leaflet, notice, notification, flyer

circulate

spread, publish, pass round

claim

demand, request, state officially, state, legal right

classify

class, order, group together, categorise, categorize

clean

honest, harmless, debt-free, reliable (goods)

clear

remove, approve, finish, obvious, intelligible make sense

clearance

permission, sanction, leave

clientele

customers, clients, trade

clone

replicate, duplicate, exact copy

close

finish, cease, end activity, stop operating

collect

gather, obtain, bring together

combine

join, unite, put together

command

order, instruction, dominate

commerce

business, trade

commitment

promise, loyalty, agreement, duty, willingness

commute

journey, travel a regular route

company

business, organisation, corporation organization

compete

contend, vie

competence

ability, skill, knowledge, proficiency

competent

able, skillful, proficient, knowledgeable

compile

list, compose

compliance

obedience, submission

complimentary

gratis, free of charge gratis

component

part of a whole, factor, element, feature, piece item

comprise

consist of, include, have, made from

compulsory

obligatory, binding, incumbent, mandatory

con

trick, cheat, deceive, defraud, negative (opposite of 'pro')

concept

idea, principle, understanding

concession

compromise, trade, exchange, reduction in price, movement

conduct

behaviour, bearing, demeanour, attitude, guide, manage, behavior, demeanor

confer

discuss, consult, reward, bestow, give

conference

meeting, discussion, talks, debate, forum inquiry

confidence

trust, belief, positiveness, a secret, assurance conviction

confidential

private, secret, off the record

conform

obey, adapt oneself, accommodate

connect

join, link, attach, contact

consensus

general view, agreement

consolidate

bring or join together, combine, centralise, centralize

construct

build, make, formulate, erect

consultant

expert, troubleshooter, adviser, advisor

consumer

purchaser, buyer, user

content

parts, structure, information

contract

agreement, terms, engage

control

restrict, limit, manage, power, influence restrain rule over

convene

meet, gather together, organise a meeting

convention

meeting, gathering of people conference, practice conformity

convert

change from one form to another modify, win someone over

core

main, centre, essential, essence, most important center

corporation

company, business, venture, enterprise

correspondence

communication, letters, email, similarity, symmetry

corresponding

matching, connected, correlating, opposite

corrupt

dishonest, illegal, immoral, illicit, flawed, incorrect information, pervert, spoil, ruin

costing

estimating, pricing, cost, price, value, valuation, quote, quotation

counsel

adviser, lawyer

counsellor

troubleshooter, advisor, adviser, counselor

counterfeit

fake, forgery

coupon

voucher

cover

include, protect, conceal, provide a service

credentials

qualities, experience, references, endorsements

crude

simple, inaccurate, makeshift, improvised, improvized

curb

control, limit, restrain, moderate

current

present, existing, topical, happening now

curtail

limit, reduce, shorten, cut

customer

buyer, purchaser, client, patron

D

data

facts, information, evidence

dealer

trader, merchant

declaration

affirmation, official statement

declare

state, announce, tell, divulge, speak affirm

decline

weaken, shrink, decrease

decouple

disconnect

decree

official order, decide, decision made in court

deduct

take away, subtract

deed

action, action, written agreement

deep

serious, extreme, profound

defect

fault, imperfection, shortfall, leave

defective

faulty, imperfect, incomplete

defend

protect, resist

defer

delay, put off

deficiency

lack, shortfall, defect, insufficiency

deflate

reduce, lessen, make smaller, ridicule

defraud

trick, be dishonest, obtain money illegally

defray

provide money

defunct

unused, extinct, dead, no longer existing

degrade

worsen, impair, disrespect

delete

remove, erase, obliterate, stop making

deliver

provide, produce, achieve, give

demand

firm request, order, require, claim

demonstrate

show, explain, prove

demonstration

explanation, proof

depart

exit, leave, go

dependent

controlled, connected, supported, reliant

deplete

reduce, waste, use up, exhaust

depreciate

detract, decrease in value, demonetise, demonetize, amortise, amortize

deputy

stand-in, substitute, proxy

design

plan, prototype, pattern, make, artwork

develop

grow, advance, produce, build, create become

device

object, tool, piece of equipment method (of doing something)

devise

plan, think of, invent, originate, conceive, innovate, create, conceptualise, conceptualize

diagram

drawing, plan, representation, picture, sketch, blueprint, map, image

dictate

control, influence, dominate

digit

number, character, finger

dilute

reduce, lessen effectiveness weaken

dimension

size, aspect

directory

list, listing, database

disallow

prohibit, exclude, refuse permission

discharge

sack, remove, give official permission carry out a duty

disclose

tell, reveal, expose

discontinue

stop, terminate

discount

ignore, disregard, reduction in price

discrepancy

disagreement, difference between two amounts

disintegrate

deteriorate, break up (into pieces)

dismiss

remove (person), sack, disregard, reject

dispatch

send, report

display

show, exhibit, arrange (items)

dispose

sell, get rid of

dispute

disagreement, argument, quarrel, argue

disqualify

prevent, exclude, ban, outlaw, reject

dissolve

end (contract or partnership), cease, cancel

distribute

supply, give, apportion, share out

diversify

modify, develop wider range, adapt, extend activities

divest

sell, get rid of, dispose of

division

unit, section, classification

doable

achievable, possible, can be done, viable, practical, practicable, feasible

docket

label, record, ticket

document

record, official paper

dodge

avoid, elude, evade

dominant

powerful, important, main, influential

dominate

control, influence

donate

give

done

completed, finished, ended

downgrade

reduce status, reduce value, make less important

driven

compelled, influenced

driver

a resource, process or condition that is vital for the continued success and growth of a business

drop

weaken, lower, decrease, reduce, fall discontinue

duplicate

copy, reproduce

durable

strong, tough, Long-lasting

duress

threat, force

duty

obligation, task, work, job, tax necessity

E

earnings

profit, wages, salary, income

economic

profitable, cost-effective, viable, financial, commercial, trading

economical

good value, cheap, low-budget, affordable

edge

advantage, brink

effective

productive, successful, forceful, advisable

efficient

operative, not wasteful, skillful

elect

choose, vote for, chosen

eligible

included, have the right

emerge

appear, be disclosed

employ

use, engage, recruit, hire

employee

worker, staff member

emporium

shop, department store, depot

enable

empower, permit, facilitate

endorse

support, approve

enhance

improve, highlight

enquire

ask, find out , inquire

enquiry

question, request for information (RFI), inquiry

entitlement

claim, official right

equipment

tools, machinery, wherewithal

equity

money, capital, funds, asset, share

erode

weaken, impair, reduce

error

mistake, misjudgment

escalate

increase, grow, make more serious

establish

create, start, become successful demonstrate

ethic

moral, principle

ethical

right, morally correct or acceptable

etiquette

protocol, convention, rules of correct behaviour, behavior

evade

avoid, elude

evaluate

appraise, estimate, guess, assess

evaluation

opinion

evolve

develop gradually, become, unfold

exceed

outdo, be superior, overstep

exceptional

outstanding, unusually good, very unusual

excessive

exorbitant, unwarranted, superfluous, unreasonably high

execute

do, carry out, act, perform action or task

exercise

activity, keep fit, work-out, act, invoke, apply

exhibition

show, display, presentation

exit

leave, quit, sell (ownership of an enterprise)

exorbitant

overpriced, dear, extortionate

expand

grow, broaden, increase

experience

skill, knowledge, wisdom

expert

ace, skilled, proficient

expire

end, finish, elapse

explain

justify, account for, interpret

exploit

treat unfairly, take advantage of, misuse, make best use of

extend

lengthen, expand, lengthen, make longer, make (an offer)

F

facilities

buildings, services, equipment, means, scope

facility

building, factory, convenience, ease

factor

quality, feature, component, cause, influence

failed

unsuccessful, fallen short

fair

acceptable, appropriate, just, honorable

fake

false, not genuine, imitation, sham

fall

decrease, drop, descend, fail

false

wrong, incorrect, not genuine, erroneous

faulty

imperfect, incorrect, inexact

feasible

possible, achievable

fee

charge (money)

feed

supply, provide

fickle

changeable, unreliable

finish, cease, end activity, stop operating

standards, rules, regulations

firm

business, company

fixed

set, unchanging, habitual

flag

tire, weaken, mark (something)

flaw

mistake, imperfection, weakness

flood

deluge, numerous, many

flop

failure, washout, non-event, damp squib

flourish

grow, develop, prosper, be fruitful

flyer

leaflet

force

influence, power, energy, strength, personnel

forecast

predict, foretell

formal

official, correct, suitable

format

arrangement, plan, design

formulate

create, prepare, arrange

foundation

basis, source, beginning

fractional

unimportant, very small

freight

cargo, goods, merchandise

functional

working, practical, useful, instrumental

furnish

supply, provide, make ready

futile

useless, absurd, pointless

G

gamble

risk, speculate, uncertainty

gap

space, difference, requirement

gauge

measure, estimate, judge

generate

produce, create, cause

generic

standard, unbranded (product)

get

obtain, receive, understand

gimmick

trick, novelty, contrivance

glitch

problem, fault

global

worldwide, universal, inclusive

goal

aim, objective, ultimate

goods

products, merchandise

governance

control, power

grant

allow, permit, permission, consent

graph

plan

graphic

descriptive, representing

gratis

free, uncharged

grievance

complaint, discontent

ground

reason, basis, educate

grounding

training, knowledge

grow

increase, expand, mature

guarantee

promise, safeguard, legal agreement, make certain,

guest

visitor

guidance

help, advice, instructions, tips

guru

expert, sage

H

haggle

argue, barter, bargain

hallmark

sign, feature, indication, standard (of quality of something)

halo-effect

feelgood factor, positive reflection, positive association, reflected glory

hand-holding

supporting, buddying, supervising, helping

handbook

manual, instructions, notes, guide

handle

deal with, manage, be responsible for, organise, organize

handmade

unique, individual, bespoke, high quality, exclusive, labour intensive, labor intensive, made by hand not machine or automated

harass

upset, annoy, frighten, intimidate, bully, exert force upon, pressurise, pressurize (a person or people)

hard copy

paper printed format (as distinct from electronic or digital format)

hard selling

aggressive selling, pressure, strong persuasion

hardball

aggression, firmness, determination

harmonise

combine, integrate, bring together (successfully), harmonize

harvest

profit, reward, reap reward, milk, exploit, monetise, monetize

haulier

transporter, carrier of goods

hazard

danger, obstacle, gamble, risk, obstacle, threat

hazardous

dangerous, damaging

head-to-head

confrontation, standoff, battle, fight, argument, debate (between two parties)

headcount

employees, workforce, staff, team, labour force, labor force, workgroup

headline

main, overall, total, story, message

heads-up

warning, brief update, short report

headway

gain, progress, increase, rise, improvement

heartland

centre, focus, epicentre, middle, core, heart, heartlands (usually an area of something successful or popular)

hedge

reduce risk, offset risk, protect against risk

help

aid, support, assist, buddy, mentor, guide, teach, assistance, care for, oversee, facilitate, enable

helpdesk

service, assistance, support, information (department or team or group)

hierarchy

structure, order, management structure, organizational structure, taxonomy, grouping, classification, system, pecking order

highlight

emphasise, indicate, make obvious, emphasize

hire

employ, rent, lease

hitch

problem, difficulty

hone

develop, improve, sharpen

hostile

unfriendly, adverse, attacking

hub

centre, focus, chief thing center

hypothetical

suppositional, imaginary

I

identify

find, discover

illegal

unlawful, prohibited, illicit

illicit

illegal, disallowed by law

image

impression, picture, copy, reflection

impact

influence, importance

imperfection

weakness, fault, blemish

improper

dishonest, inappropriate, inapt, disreputable

imprudent

unwise, not sensible, careless, risky, reckless

inactive

idle, inert, not working, not in use

inadmissible

disallowed, excluded

incentive

inducement, reward, motivation, something that encourages

incentivise

encourage, offer a reward, incentivize

income

earnings, wages, salary

incoming

arriving, received

incompetence

lack of skill or ability

independent

unconnected, uncontrolled, unsupported, unrelated

indicate

point, sign, show

indicative

showing, suggesting, evidential

inefficient

wasteful, unskillful, useless

ineligible

unqualified, rejected

inertia

inactivity, indifference

inflate

increase, enlarge

inflexible

rigid, unchangeable, unbendable, obstinate

influence

motivate, modify, bias, authority

inform

tell, relate, influence, educate

information

facts, details, data

inoperative

invalid, unusable, powerless, not working

inspect

check, scan, look closely at

instruct

tell, teach, train, inform, command

instruction

information, command

integrate

combine, put together

integrated

connected, combined

interim

lull, Short-term, not permanent

intermediary

middleman, mediator, facilitator

invalid

incorrect, unwarranted, officially or legally unacceptable

item

object, article, component

itinerary

schedule, journey plan, travel route, route, roadmap

J

jettison

reject, eject, get rid of

job

opening, position, opportunity, task, duty undertaking

jobless

unemployed, inactive

join

connected, fix, enroll, meet, bring together become a member

judge

decide, arbitrate, form an opinion, adjudicate

jump

rise, increase, leap, interval

jumpy

nervous, anxious, agitated

justify

explain, demonstrate, warrant

K

keen

eager, sharp, competitive, willing

key

most essential, most important, main, chief thing, crucial influential

keynote

important thing, chief thing

kill

spoil, destroy, stop

kit

tools, equipment, materials, parts

know-how

knowledge, experience, means, skill

knowledge

information, skills, understanding, comprehension, mastery

kudos

prestige, esteem

L

label

tag, brand, mark of identification

landmark

important event or achievement or matter

languish

fail, become weaker, be affected

latent

concealed, lurking

lateral

sideways thinking, different perspective

lawful

legal, licit, legitimate

lead

control, ahead, guide, advantage, direct

leading

best, managing, inspiring

learning

development, teaching, coaching, growth, edification, knowledge, experience, discovery

lease

rent, hire

Leg

Alex

legible

readable, intelligible, understandable

legislation

law, regulation

legitimate

legal, genuine, legally acceptable

leverage

influence, upper hand

liable

liable, responsible, legally responsible, punishable by law, subject to law, exposed to, open to, vulnerable

limit

restrict, restrain, restriction, bind

link

connect, join, relationship, communicate, intermediary

log

record, gauge, documentation, diary, journal

logic

reason, reasoning, rationality

loom

threaten, impend

low-end

cheap, inexpensive

loyal

faithful, trustworthy

lucrative

profit-making, gainful, money-making

lure

persuade, entice, tempt

M

magnate

tycoon, mogul, business chief

mainstream

usual, normal, main (part), tendency, mass

maintain

keep, continue, record, check, support sustain provide

majority

largest, greatest part, main part

make

create, form, build, produce, compel constitute

makeover

changeable, improve

malfunction

fail, stall, break down

manage

control, run, undertake, supervise, conduct

manager

boss, head, director, controller

mandate

official order or instruction charge, trust

mandatory

must-do, required by law, obligatory, compulsory, unavoidable, necessary

manipulate

control, influence, deceive, operate, misuse

manufacture

production, create, make or produce goods

marginal

small, unimportant, inconsiderable, insignificant,

marginally

slightly, insignificantly

mark-up

increase in price, overcharge

markdown

cheapen, reduce price

marketable

easy to sell, saleable, attractive to employers or customers salable

marketeer

seller, salesperson

mature

experienced, well-developed, well-established

maximum

greatest, largest, most

meagre

small quantity, poor quality, economical meager

mean

average, middle

mediate

moderate, intervene, negotiate, arbitrate

mediocre

average, not very good, middling, inferior

mega

impressive, greatest part, very large

memo

note, reminder

memorandum

report, proposal, record

menial

inferior, unskilled (work)

merchandise

goods, products

merchandising

selling

merge

combine, mix

middleman

intermediary, mediator, agent

milestone

important stage or event

mindset

attitude, fixed ideas

minimal

lesser, smallest or least amount

minimum

smallest or lowest possible

minted

recently produced or created very rich

miscellaneous

various, mixed, non-uniform

misconduct

malpractice, bad management, unacceptable behaviour, unacceptable behavior

mission

aim, goal, vocation, important job

mobile

moveable, transportable, moving

model

design, copy, prototype, form an opinion

moderate

reasonable, average, mild, middle of the road

moderator

intermediary, referee, mediator

modify

changeable, alter, vary, make more suitable

monitor

check, watch (something)

moribund

ineffective, inactive, dying, likely to fail

motion

proposal

motivate

encourage, push

mushroom

multiply, develop quickly, rapidly grow or increase

N

name

brand, repute, well-known person or company or product

need

requirement, require, shortfall

negligible

unimportant, inconsiderable

negotiate

make terms, discuss

negotiations

formal discussions, conference

no-frills

basic, unadorned

nominal

very small, insubstantial, trivial, in name only,

nominate

suggest, choose, select

nosedive

descent, sudden drop or fall

notable

noteworthy, person of repute, outstanding, remarkable, unforgettable

notional

estimated, guessed, suppositional

novel

new, interesting, amusing

nullify

invalidate, extinguish

number one

most important, best, premier, self

O

oath

promise, testimony, true statement

object

item, thing, purpose, goal, disagree

objective

aim, goal

obligation

duty, promise, necessity

observe

watch, study, see

observer

watcher, spectator

obsolete

outdated, disused, no longer in use

occupation

job, profession, interests

offend

upset someone, commit crime, displease

official

formal, authoritative, genuine, businesslike, authorised, authorized

opening

opportunity, job, starting

operate

control, use, work, function

operation

business, activity, undertaking

opinion

idea, conviction, persuasion, point of view

opportunity

opening, possibility, scope, chance

optimal

best, most likely to succeed

option

choice, decision, pick

order

request, demand, instruction, command, require

organisation

business, company, group, structure, corporation, organization

organise

arrange, plan, compose, organize

origin

source, starting place

oust

eject, force out

outcome

result, effect

outdated

outmoded, antiquated, old-fashioned

outline

description, overview, main points or facts

outstanding

notable, superior, not yet paid or done or solved

overachieve

do better than expected

overhype

exaggerate

override

overrule, stop, reject decision or order

oversee

supervise, watch (something), manage

oversight

mistake, negligence, forget to do something

overview

outline, general description

P

pact

agreement, promise, handshake

par

equivalence, expectation, forecast, standard

parameter

limit, target, border, guideline, constraint, measure

parcel

package, apportion, piece

pare

cut, reduce gradually

parity

similarity, being equal, balance, equality

partial

incomplete, fractional, in part

participate

cooperate, take part in, collaborate, partner

particular

specific, certain

particulars

details, information, description

patronage

support, protection, influence, custom

payback

reward, advantage, return, just desert

Peg

Plex

pending

waiting, undecided, in process, happening soon

perform

do, act, entertain

peripheral

unimportant, marginal, external, outside

perk

bonus, reward, benefit

permit

allow, let, right to do something

persuade

press, urge, convince, induce, cajole, pressurise, pressurize, sell

phase

stage, aspect, step, section

pick

choose, opt, take, select, selection, choice

picket

protest, obstruct, demonstrate, be obstructive

pigeonhole

classification, compartment, put into a particular group, categorise, categorize

pilfer

steal, thieve, rob

pitfall

difficulty, danger, peril, trap

placement

job, location

plan

chart, diagram, drawing, plot, vision, envision, intention, detailed arrangements, blueprint

plateau

level out, flatten, stabilise, stabilize

platform

basis, policy, standpoint

pledge

promise, formal promise, oath, bequeath, bequest, bequeathment

plummet

plunge, founder, fall suddenly

plunge

plummet, descend rapidly

pointer

sign, indication, indicator

policy

course of action, contract of insurance procedure,

pool

group, collect money or information store, joint possession

portable

moveable, transferable, easily carried

portion

part (of a whole)

position

place, job, opinion, prestige

positive

goods, useful, affirmative, believing

possessor

owner, holder

post

mail, job, situation, subsequent, after or later than, publish, announce,

postpone

defer, delay, put off until later

potential

possible, qualities that can be developed

power

control, influence, strength, energy, operate, authority

practice

action, custom, habitual, exercise, etiquette, usual way of doing something

practise

rehearse, repeat, act, do, behave

precise

exact, accurate, definite

prefer

choose, like better

preferential

giving an advantage to

prejudice

unreasonable dislike bigotry, have a harmful effect on

premier

most important, most successful, first showing of something

presentation

speech, show, formal introduction

press

persuade, push, request

prestige

respect, admiration, influence, importance

prestigious

admired, respected, important luxury

presumption

supposition

prevail

outweigh, override

prevailing

existing

prevalent

very common, extensive, universal

prey

easy target, victim

prey on

ill-treat, exploit, cause harm, con, trick

priceless

extremely valuable, important, very precious

pricey

expensive, dear

primary

main, fundamental, simple, most important

prime

main, most important, primary, excellent

principal

main, most important, rule, director, in general law

prior

previous to, previously, before, earlier, happening or existing before

prioritise

rank, put in order of importance, prioritize

priority

most important, precedence, to be dealt with first

privilege

special right or advantage

privileged

confidential information

prize

award, very valuable, desired object

probe

investigate, inquiry, ask questions

procedure

policy, usual or correct way of doing things

proceed

begin, starting place, commence, progress

productive

growing, making, gainful, profitable, achieving or doing a lot

profession

skilled job, vocation, trade, skill, qualification

proficient

able, skilled, practised, competent

profile

description, outline, shape, visibility, reputation

profitable

advantageous, prolific, money-making, viable, economical, rewarding

programme

program, schedule, agenda, course, itinerary

progress

develop, go forward, improve, improvement

prohibit

stop, prevent, restrain, bar, ban

promote

upgrade, make better, put forward, advance, advertise, market, sell

prompt

punctual, without delay, hint, remind

proportion

portion, part or share of a whole

proposal

plan, request, intention, formal suggestion

proposition

plan of action, business idea

proprietor

owner of business or land or property,etc.

prospective

potential, future, expected or likely to happen

prosper

flourish, be successful, develop successfully

provide

stipulate, give, make available

prudence

conservatism, caution, avoiding unnecessary risks

prudent

careful, sensible when making decisions showing care and though for the future

pull

influence, attract interest, cancel an event

punctual

on time

purchase

buy

pursue

follow, chase up

Q

qualified

experienced, knowledgeable, skilled, expert, prepared completed training passed exams

quality

high standard, feature, aspect, character

quantity

amount, number

quarantine

protection, seclusion

quarter

district, place, period of three months mercy

quasi

almost, partly, similar

query

question, ask, doubt

questionable

doubt, dishonest, wrong, disreputable

quit

leave, close, depart, resign

quota

portion, fixed amount, limited number

quotation

price, referral, estimated cost of job or service

quote

repeat, cite, illustrate, instance, quotation

R

raise

increase, mention, elevate

rally

incite, assembly, give courage

random

orderless, indiscriminate, done or chosen without prior thought

range

variety, vary, series, scope, portfolio

rank

position, classification, importance

ratchet

increase by small amounts

rate

measure, amount, decide, estimate, price

ratify

endorse, make legal

rationale

enquiry, reasons or principles (that explain a decision) , inquiry

re-evaluate

re-think

reach

attain, arrive, achieve, communicate with

react

be active, respond

reactive

showing a response

ready-made

pre-prepared, prepared in advance

reap

accumulate, take, gather, gain, obtain, attain, benefit from

reasonable

acceptable, appropriate, fair, moderate, rational

rebate

refund, discount

recall

remember, call something in

recap

repeat, go over, give summary

recede

retreat, become smaller, become weaker, withdraw

recipient

receiver, acceptor, taker

reclaim

restore, get back (something)

recognise

know, remember, see, recognize

recommend

suggest, advise

reconcile

pacify, make (figures) agree

reconstruct

rebuild, remake, restore

record

describe, written account

recoup

get money back, recover, retrieve

recover

get something back improvement, recoup, restore

recuperate

improve, get money back

redefine

change limits or nature of something

redress

correct something, remedy

reduce

lessen, shrink, make smaller

redundant

jobless, useless, unused

refer

describe, indicate, speak about

refine

make pure, improve, purify

reform

transform, make better, improve

refurbish

repair, redecorate

Reg

make

regain

acquire, get something back

regarding

about, concerning, relating to

region

area, locality

register

enrol enlist, officially record something, enroll

regress

recede, fall back, make or become less advanced

regular

frequent, usual, standard

regulate

control, supervise, supervize

regulation

rule, law, legislation

reimburse

pay back (money), repay

reinforce

strengthen, support, make stronger

reject

inferior, unusable item, refuse to accept

related

connected, akin

release

liberate, make something available to free from duty,

reliable

trustworthy, trusty, correct, true, credible, certain

relief

help, aid

remedy

cure, solution, improve bad situation

remote

far, distant, secluded

remove

dismiss from job, get rid of, take out, take away,

rent

lease, hire

repair

mend, make good, fix

reply

answer, rejoinder, reaction, response

represent

sell for, act or speak for, deputise for, deputize for, symbolise, symbolize

reputable

honest, honorable, respected, credible, established, well-regarded, trustworthy

request

ask

require

need, necessitate, fall short

rescue

save, defend

research

study, inquiry, experiment

reserve

available

reshuffle

change, change around, restructure, re-order, reorganise, reorganize

resilient

strong, able to recover quickly

resistance

opposition, dislike of, obstinacy, refusal to accept something

resolve

find a solution, formally reach a decision intend,

resources

means, supply of something, energy, energies, fuel, materials

respond

reply, react, answer, cooperate

responsibility

duty, onus

restraint

limit, moderation

restrict

limit amount or size of keep under control

result

outcome, product, completion

retail

sell

retain

keep something, hold something back preserve

retract

recant, withdraw a statement make smaller in amount or value

retrieve

find, recoup, get something back

revamp

repair, improve appearance of

review

report, consider or examine something rectify

revoke

cancel, not retain, end validity of

rise

ascend, increase in amount or level

risk

danger, peril, chance, speculate

rival

competitor, contender

roadmap

plan, vision, milestones, project plan, masterplan

role

function, position (of somebody)

rotate

change regularly, pass to each member in regular order

ruin

damage, spoil, make someone lose all their money

rules

regulations, orders

running

managing, operating

S

salary

wages, pay, earnings

salvage

restore, save (from being destroyed)

sample

tester, taste, example, small amount

satisfactory

acceptable, sufficient, good enough

saturate

drench, overproduce, over supply

savvy

knowledge, understanding

scale

range, spectrum, measure, gauge

schedule

timetable, plan, list

scheme

plan, system

scrap

cancel, annul, piece, stop using

screen

check, inquire

scrutinise

scan, look at or examine closely, scrutinize

secondary

inferior, unimportant, less important

section

department, subdivision, part, department

secure

safe, protected, achieve (something)

seek

pursue, look for, search, try to obtain

segment

division, divide, part of something

select

choose, pick, opt for, carefully chosen, excellent

seller

vendor, trader

semi

half, partly, incomplete

sensitive

aware, understanding, discriminating, react quickly, (information) not to be shared

serve

provide, help, spend time, do duty for

setback

difficulty, problem, delay, hitch

shed

decrease, emit, get rid of

ship

send, transport, carry

shopper

buyer, purchaser

short-staffed

Short-handed, understaffed

shortage

shortage

shortfall

shortage, less (than is needed)

shrewd

intelligent, showing good judgment clever at understanding

simulate

imitate, create artificially

sink

decrease, deteriorate, suppress

situation

circumstance, circumstances, predicament, position, matter, issue, subject, concern, job, opportunity

skill

ability, competence, expertise, dexterity

skilled

experienced, qualified

slash

reduce something by a large amount cut

slice

a share, portion, piece, part of something

slogan

by-line, tag line, maxim, advertisement

slump

decline, decrease, deteriorate, sudden fall

smart

intelligent, clever, advanced (technology)

snip-a-bargain

good value

sole

only, one

sort

arrange, classification, put in order, a type (of something)

sound

reliable, sensible when making decisions, undamaged, good and thorough, in good condition

spec

specification, detailed description

special

unusual, chosen, out of the ordinary

specialist

expert, highly skilled person

specific

special, particular, clearly defined, precise and clear

specify

explain, name, give exact instructions state (something)

split

divide, apportion, share (something)

sponsor

supporter, backer, patron

stable

steady, unchanging, firmly fixed

stagnant

inert, undeveloping, unchanging, not growing

standards, rules, regulations

fall, decrease, fail, ruin

staple

basic, important (part)

static

unchanging, undeveloping, not moving

status

position, situation, prestige, level of something or somebody

statute

law, legislation, formal rule

stipulate

state clearly, demand, specify

stipulations

requirements, conditions, demands, specifications

stranglehold

complete control, retention

strapline

slogan

strategic

planned

strategy

a plan, tactics, policy

stress

pressure, importance, emphasis, emphasise, emphasize

strife

contention, a quarrel, angry disagreement

stringent

severe, very strict, strictly controlled

sue

litigate, claim damages in court

sundry

various, many, unimportant

superintend

oversee, manage, supervise

supply

provide (something) amount provided, make available for use

support

help/er, aid, resource/s, encourage/ment, advocate, augment, bolster, protect/ion, insulate/insulation, addition, add to

surpass

outdo, be superior

surplus

glut, superfluity, extra, more than is needed

suspend

delay, put off, prevent from happening or being used halt temporarily defer debar from job or duties temporarily as a punishment

swindle

cheat, deceive, act fraudulently

T

tactical

schematic, worked out, carefully planned, strategic

talent

aptitude, natural ability, gift, passion, calling

tangible

touchable, existing, clearly seen

target

goal, aim, objective

task

job, duty, piece of work

team

group, unit, outfit, company

template

model, mould, example mold

temporary

short-term, non-permanent, makeshift

tender

bid, offer

tentative

experimental, cautious, provisional, not definite,

terminate

end, conclude, close, finish, discontinue

territory

area, zone, ground, pitch

text

meaning, precept, written words

textile

fabric, material

theory

idea, opinion, supposition

thrive

prosper, flourish, become strong or healthy or successful

tier

level, layer, series

token

symbol, indication, trivial, gift, security

top flight

best, most successful, highest

train

teach, instruct, tutor, coach, mentor, educate, edify, nurture, develop, school, explain, impart (facts/information), prepare, prime, demonstrate, illustrate

training

learning, development, course, trainings, coaching, mentoring

transfer

move over, carry, duplicate, displace

transferable

moveable, negotiable, transportable, communicable

transparent

clear, unambiguous, open, artless, not secret, easily understood

U

ultimatum

conditions, final warning, threat, deadline

uncontested

unopposed, undisputed

undertaking

task, project, promise, agreement, commitment

undisclosed

concealed, hidden, not made known

undue

unreasonable, unnecessary, unwarranted, undeserving

uneconomic

wasteful, unprofitable

unemployed

jobless, out of work, unused

unethical

immoral, dishonest, morally unacceptable

unexpired

valid, remaining, still in force

unfriendly

hostile, opposing, antagonistic

unique

special, unusual, inimitable, one of a kind

unlawful

illegal, illicit

unmanageable

uncontrollable, disobedient, difficult to deal with

unofficial

illegal, independent, unauthorised, unauthorized

unprofitable

uneconomic, unproductive, profitless

unscrupulous

dishonest, not fair, not honest, without morals,

unskilled

untrained, unqualified, inexpert

unveil

introduce, disclose, show (something)

upbeat

positive, enthusiastic, optimistic

update

provide recent information, modernise, modernize

upkeep

maintenance, preservation

upmarket

expensive, dear, good quality

upsurge

sudden large increase

used

second-hand, pre-owned, employed, utilised, utilized

V

vacancy

job, job opening, job opportunity

vacant

empty, not being used

vacation

holiday

valid

genuine, legally or officially acceptable

value

worth, price, importance

vanilla

ordinary, not special

variable

changeable, non-uniform

vendee

buyer, property purchaser

vendor

seller, supplier

venture

enterprise, speculate, undertaking, business project or activity

verbal

spoken, unwritten

vet

examine, check, screen (something or someone)

viable

possible, cost-effective, safe, can be done or achieved or used, likely to be successful

virtual

almost, nearly, not completely, electronic, digital, web-based

vision

concept, idea, notion, plan, scheme, shape, dream, aspiration, ambition, wish, thought, intent, intention

void

nullify, not legal, invalid (contract)

volatile

excitable, transient, suddenly changeable

voluntary

uncharged (fee), offered, done willingly

W

waged

salaried, having regular paid work, employed

wake-up call

sudden warning

walkout

strike (by workers), fail in duty

warranty

guarantee, security

wastage

shrinkage, loss

whistle-blower

informer

white elephant

bane, useless (big, expensive) thing

wind-up

close down, liquidate, terminate, cease

workforce

staff, labour force , labor force

X

x-rated

adult, pornographic, unsuitable for children and under-age people

Y

yardstick

gauge, a measure

yes

okay, affirmative, confirmed, agreed, understood

yield

produce, submit, relinquish

Z

zeal

keenness, willingness, enthusiasm

zenith

summit, top, peak

zero hour

departure, beginning (of operation)

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