Blog entry by Alan Chapman

Anyone in the world

Creativity, original thinking, emergent design and leadership

This is another article in a series of writings and emergent offerings for anyone who wants to lead others, to a new promised land (or similar interpretations), or anywhere else instead of the unhappy projections for humanity these days. 

Anyone can be a leader. You don't need a title or official authority. 

The biggest and best leadership jobs are the easiest to get.

Why's this?

Fascinatingly and counter-intuitively, the biggest jobs - especially of national and global importance - are waiting unadvertised to be done, with nobody or hardly anyone, nor any organisations, really thinking about doing them, and/nor even realising that there's a need/opportunity.

The biggest, easiest leadership jobs, for which you'll likely be the only and preferred candidate/applicant, are those that exist in the 'unconsciously incompetent' areas of organisations, employers and other work systems (which includes freelance, social enterprise and entrepreneurialism).

As ever the greatest leadership is seeing something important that isn't being done, and then doing it (or in the case of contracted/employed work, explaining it and offering to do it).

 JFDI, as one the great acronyms says.



Just Flipping Do It. The polite version. Pronounced 'Jifdi', this acronym is the antidote to procrastination, and a reminder that simply getting on with it is often the best answer to most moments of self-doubt or hesitation. JFDI is a must for management training, time management and a maxim for self-reliance and empowerment. The Latin equivalent is 'mox nox in rem' ('soon night, so to work')


Creativity is a fundamentally powerful aspect of leadership. It's probably the most powerful aspect.

And given the gross and increasing neglect of creativity in education for the past few generations, powerful creative leadership is a vast opportunity with very little competition.

Why so?

Educational neglect and marginalisation of creativity is especially significant in young people's formative years when they are defining their own aims and capabilities, because this often determines outlook and self-image for life.

More accurately young people's aims and capabilities (and so their future outlook/self-image) are commonly defined for them by the education system, many parents, and societal/media/government conditioning (see bias and denialism). See the most popular ever TED Talk, by Sir Ken Robinson, about this creativity and education (short-link - 

Sir Ken's talk and underpinning concepts are a big part of the full situation (life and work and purpose), although there are many other important dimensions of educational bias/neglect/ignorance and enormous need/opportunity. Education also historically and generally neglects basically everything that does not 'feed' and align with the biases of the 'developed/developing' world. Other vast important areas of human growth that are generally ignored/neglected by mainstream education include nature, gardening, growing, animals and pets, self-confidence and self-belief and self-development, understanding 'self', parenting, sport, dancing, fitness and exercise, relationships and communications, caring (especially for elderly/ill/dying), spirituality, love, giving, volunteering and charity, philosophy, listening, laughter, leadership and learning, language in a deep sense, grief, life, death, trauma - is growth incidentally - suicide and self-harm, sensitivity, life meaning and purpose, individuality, authenticity, and more obviously to many: 'life skills' (for example managing personal finance, self-determination, resilience, exploring, discovering, inventing and repairing things, questioning and challenging things, activism, local and national and international politics, entrepreneurialism and starting your own business or venture, riding a bicycle, riding a horse, foraging, cooking, recycling, climbing trees, using tools, camping and survival skills, taking care of your own body and mind, diet, mental health, physical health, etc). I digress and will cover this aspect of education separately in other articles.

Returning to creativity and creative leadership... 

To create and think originally we must use creative and original methods. Creativity comes from angles and places and sources that are different to how we normally work.

If you are naturally creative, and you already work originally, then it can be very helpful to try different approaches.

This might entail simply standing on a chair, or on your head while drinking a glass of water (which was thought to cure hiccups when I was a child - it usually did). incidentally when doing this, you're upside down but the glass of water isn't. Otherwise the water would be all over the floor.

Or if you are naturally creative, and your workplace insists that you should not create anything, then perhaps create a new workplace opportunity (get a different better job/employer) that values you properly, and your creativity. 

N.B. Life is too short to spend it falsifying yourself, which also can make you very ill. See for example Katherine Benziger's work on this. Falsifying yourself adapting too much for a job, so that this distorts your true self, is a cause of potentially huge stress, which can lead to all sorts of much worse physical and mental health problems.

Or less drastically than upside-down drinking, try using a different method for making notes and diagrams. Blackboards and chalk for example, or pen and paper, which are proven more sensually connected than digital media and keyboards.

For those not naturally creative, or are habitually denied the chance to liberate their artist/inventor/changemaker within, some more radical thought-oriented interventions/stimulus can be dramatically helpful.

This article might be it, especially for those who like to read. How we prefer to learn is an important self-knowledge. See the sections on Kolb's Learning Styles, and VAK. Also see Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences model.

For most people, creativity is not natural or easy, because our unrelenting conditioning, education, and demands/constraints of work and lifestyle, tend to lead us to take habitual 'left-side brain' approaches.

Big works of highly committed creativity can be unimaginably traumatic, like climbing a mountain, or walking a continent, or swimming a sea, naked, with all the people of the world watching, wondering and waiting, before daring to consider what you are doing actually means. When we create, and share our ideas, we expose and share our vulnerability; we open ourselves to criticism and incredulity and ridicule and embarrassment, especially given that creativity always entails making mistakes.

Happily we can usually determine the level of commitment and size of our creative aims. 

We do not normally need to climb a mountain, or walk a continent, or swim a sea, until we have grown strong and wise enough to do so safely.

We can create privately, small, first, and gradually increase our aims and exposure. It's how we grow.

The modern world, for very understandable reasons (see bias and denialism), neglects some very simple concepts that enable creativity.

So this article aims to demonstrate the strange ways that creativity and powerful original thinking can easily be stimulated and developed.   

This article is a collection of various ideas for this purpose: a list that will grow, for helping you to help others think and feel and sense more creatively, and emergently too.

Emergent creativity and design and leadership

Emergent creativity, and emergent design, are beyond traditional creativity. 'Emergent', in this sense, means that the ideas are original, and also inherently adaptable and cascadable and self-propogating (they grow by themselves, and are self-fuelling and self-sustaining, as if they have a life of their own), so that others can develop the creative work, crucially for local adaptation and adoption, and continuous emergent development.

The concept of emergent design seems first to have 'emerged' in a formal sense (as would warrant a page on Wikipedia for example - here is the Wikipedia Emergent Design page) in the field of computer software and computer coding, especially in online/web/app/social media. Basically it is the acceptance that designers cannot guess or prescribe the reactions of users to design (for instance user reaction to a newly launched social media platform or update). The design must therefore have the flexibility to evolve according to user reactions, and this process essentially is 'emergent'. The design emerges and evolves, rather that be defined and finished at the launch. Emergent design seems to have been adopted into social change thinking in the 2010s, although for centuries great thinkers have understood its power, although not named it 'emergent design'. Religion is basically a form or emergent design for social change and sustenance, and religion is as old as humanity, really.

The power of emergent design is amplified now by the exponential development of shareable free accessible learning and communicating within societies, locally, globally, and through and within nearly all sub-groups imaginable.

The following  practical example of this helps convey understanding about this power:   

Historically designs (for example of printed works, or manufactured products) had to be finished before launch, because there was technology did not allow cost-effective changes to be made after launch, and at soonest changes could only be made when products (and to a great degree services too) had recovered their design-development investment costs.

Nowadays, and for perhaps three decades, technologies enable ongoing product/service re-design. For example, printing, which now extends to 3D physical items, is digital, with very low 'set-up' investment. Services are largely internet-based, and so are tremendously adaptable compared to the mid-late 1900s, when designs relied on 'hard-copy' and relatively fixed systems and service infrastructures.

In the 2020s, everything is hugely flexible, which increases competitor responses, and so accelerates consumer/user choice and expectations. 

Emergent design is therefore crucial for competitive capability, and like the opportunities these pressures are increasing exponentially. Technology is like fire... Fire can warm and cook for us, or it can burn us.

Nearly everything in life/universe - actually probably everything in life/universe - has two sides. This is timeless philosophy and fact, for example in the concepts of Yin-Yang, Sunshine and rain. Clouds and silver linings. Equal and opposite reactions (Newtonian physics, etc). This is a separate article..

This exponential opportunity and pressure assumes of course that the global market continues to grow and develop. Obviously if some other economic dynamic were to 'emerge' (for example notably a  miraculous switch or acceptance that infinite growth is perhaps not actually sustainable), then things would be different. It does not look like the world is about to re-think economics any time soon, and even it does, then it will take quite a few years to reverse and unpick several decades of immense global expansions, or several hundred years of prior slower 'advances'.

That said, emergent creativity and design are vital for humankind to cope with and make the most good of the exponential changes under way all around us, although this is not for reasons of market competitiveness; it's for reasons of the scale of the challenges we face (as humanity on planet Earth), and that challenges of such scale can only be addressed from the 'ground upwards', and not 'top-down' as traditionally design has generally been approached.

For example, it seems that planting a billion trees in equatorial regions would largely resolve the carbon emissions problem we face (notwithstanding the varying scientific opinions about this) - anyway the point is that such an initiative could best be achieved from the 'ground upwards'. Politicians and corporations are unlikely to make this happen, because it would not produce profits, nor win elections (as easily as the usual vote-winning topics). But people, cooperating, could; hundreds of millions of people could plant a billion trees.  

We could apply the same need for emergent design to any aspect of modern humanity that threatens humanity's existence, such as nuclear war. Politicians tend not to be very good at averting wars. Instead they tend to make them happen (for all sorts of reasons). But millions of people, of course, can avert and stop wars, if enough people cooperate to do so.

If 8 billion people cooperated, we'd have world peace, no more hunger, and we'd all be a lot happier. Politicians and corporate leaders tend not to do this. That's basically why we've seen inequality increase over the decades, and especially since the 2008 financial crash.

This is very interesting in its own right and a warning for future crashes and disintegrations... That is, inequality has increased since the 2008 financial crash and global recession. The most wealthy and powerful have become more wealthy and powerful since the crash. It's an example of the power of 'economic power' itself to thrive in austerity. Fear and bias enables this. Everybody except those who have 'economical power' is effectively subjugated (suppressed and dominated and controlled and minimalised) by those who have the power (in politics, economics, media, education, statutory services, etc), and the confidence trick, whereby 8 billiion people are controlled by a few hundred, is sustained and actually reinforced.    

This is why solutions - creative designs to avoid a grim end for humanity - must be emergent. Because politicians and corporations will not give up their power.

On which point, more reasons we need cooperation.

The need for emergent cooperation

This is a new challenge for our modern world, and in many ways for humanity.

The world has never had to cooperate globally for the survival of humanity, in the way that, for example, it would naturally do, without question, if the world were under threat from alien invasion. In other words if we were at war with space invaders.

For various reasons, humanity's existence is now threatened by humanity itself. That's all of us. 

The threat from climate change and ecosystem collapse (and then related economic, societal and technology collapses) is the most obvious known clear urgent extinction threat in the 2000s, although nuclear war or nuclear mistakes or disaster possibilities have been extinction threats for many decades. 

The Doomsday Clock is an excellent long-standing scientific gauge of this. The Doomsday Clock was founded in 1947 as an extension of US/Canada/UK atomic bomb development in the Second World War and in more recent years has been developed to include threats such as climate change. See the Doomsday Clock website and timeline

When we combine this knowledge with what we know about bias and denialism, and the nature of leadership and human systems, it is easier then to see why we need cooperation, and why crucially this cooperation must include everyone, especially the most powerful economic leaders and investors.

And so, challengingly and excitingly, emergent solutions must enable cooperation with politicians and corporate leaders and major investors, or the huge and urgent changes required are basically impossible. 

Here's why in more detail:

A few hundred people own 99.999% of the world's wealth. Perhaps it's 99%, or 99.9999999%. And perhaps it's a thousand people or so. The fine detail here really doesn't matter. 

The big point is:

A tiny fraction of 1% of the world's population own virtually all of the world's wealth and resources. 

These people also control the governments, law, media, technology, military, education, transport, and environmental policies, economics and monetary systems. 

These people don't tend to understand life outside of their own experiences, and their own working/lifestyle bubbles.

It's not their fault, and it's not a matter of blame, which gets us nowhere.

Nobody really understands any sort of life outside of his/her own existence. 

A politician or corporate leader, or hidden billionaire investor, has a completely diffferent experience of life compared to 99.999999% of the world's population. 

He/she (it's normally he) lives and works in a very strange unnatural world. 

He/she also, very significantly, possesses skills and characteristics that have enabled him/her to attain their position of extraordinary power, which effectively prevent the sort of human empathy required to understand 'normal' life, and especially 'ravaged' life.

Exceptions (such as Nelson Mandela, who became a powerful political leader after experiencing decades of life-threatening ravaging trauma) are extremely rare. Read Mandela's autobiography, Long Walk To Freedom. It is one of the greatest books for understanding these issues.  

Anyway, Mandela is an exception. Generally the most powerful people have never been homeless, never had to feed a family from a food bank, and simply do not understand life in the way that most 'ordinary people' do. 

Just as a homeless starving person's priority and purpose - and really ultimately his/her view of the world - is to seek food and shelter, so the priority and purpose of the world's most economically powerful people is to maintain power and the lifestyle and social advantages associated.

Maslow and his Hierarchy of Needs model summarised this very succinctly in the mid-1900s.

And so emergent solutions to humanity's existential challenges must also appeal to the motives of the "...tiny fraction of 1% of the world's population who own virtually all of the world's wealth and resources..."

Crucially also...

It is much much easier for the "..tiny fraction of 1% of the world's population who own virtually all of the world's wealth and resources..." to organise its defence of such wealth and power, than it is for nearly 8 billion people, in millions of fragmented disparate groups, mostly squabbling and miscommunicating and disjointedly trying to find common ground/agreements/philosophies between themselves, to organise anything different. 

It's a reverse way to understand and interpret things according to the the ages-old power maxim/principle of 'divide and rule'. In the case of the modern world, division is made and sustained by 8billion people. The powerful wealthy do not even have to divide people because the people have been doing this themselves, for centuries.

Of course disintegrations and collapses tend to increase divisions still more, while the powerful wealthy tend to become more cohesive and even more tightly organised when responding to disintegrations (especially any suggestion of rebellion or uprising), for example the tendency for martial law, the increasing state powers, draconian legislation, and persecution of activists and writers and artists, etc.  

It must be remembered also that the  "...tiny fraction of 1% of the world's population who own virtually all of the world's wealth and resources..."  also "...control the governments, law, media, technology, military, education, transport, and environmental policies, economics and monetary systems."

So we have to cooperate. 

And design solutions must be emergent. 

And very very clever indeed. 

More cleverly creative and original than humankind has ever been it its history.

Ideas for stimulating creativity and emergent cooperative design

I repeat what I wrote at the introduction, because many of you might wonder (if you're still reading this) what difference or help a portmanteau invention such as 'swock' might offer for anyone interested in leadership and creativity, and saving humankind: 

To create and think originally we must use creative and original methods. 

Creativity comes from angles and places and sources that are different to how we normally work.

Creativity is about thinking differently. Some of these ideas might help some people to do this.

This is the first item of what (I imagine) will become ('emerge' as) a long list or collection of creative/emergent design and leadership ideas.

1. Swock

Swock is a portmanteau word. 

Swock is a combination of sock (footwear) and swap (meaning exchange). More detailed deeper fascinating explanation to follow.

A portmanteau word is a word that's a combination of parts of two other words. The origin of portmanteau in this context is French, from 'carry' and 'cape/cloak' (technically a portmanteau word itself). A Portmanteau is a two-part case for carrying a cape or cloak, and other clothes, which indicates how old the word is in French. This sense of a two-part 'carrier' evolved to refer words and meaning, from its literal 'cape carrier' origin. I wrote first about portmanteau words many years ago in other articles in Businessballs, including in glossaries of grammatical terms and cliches (e.g., see portmanteau in the big cliches/expressions glossary, and also in this big language/grammar terms glossary). 

The definitions, examples and explanations of portmanteau words are wonderfully enlightening, and the words themselves, which many people don't realise are portmanteaus, for example (from the cliches glossary, "...smog (smoke and fog); brunch (breakfast and lunch); bionic (biology and electronic); moped (motor and pedal); motel (motor and hotel); muppet (marionette and puppet); fanzine (fan and magazine); sitcom (situation and comedy); cyborg (cybernetic and organism), blog (web and log)...").

Now to swock...

Swock came to me several years ago, that is the swock itself, and the portmanteau invention itself to 'name' it.

This was when I was with Liane (see

Liane's ex-partner Mark, and father of her teenage daughters, lived nearby. The daughters typically stayed a week with Liane and a week with Mark, alternating, which is a common way for such separated families to proceed.

The daughters would borrow and wear Liane's socks, and Mark's socks, among other clothes, although for various reasons socks offer/offered most potential for emergent things. This is another subject (things that offer emergent potential). 

Very occasionally Liane would wash a pair of my socks if for some reason I left them at her house. (I want to add that I am perfectly able and willing to do my own washing, which is another subject, especially in the contact of climate change.. we all wash clothes much too often, and we generally use ridiculous volumes and types of detergents to do so).

Liane's daughters would occasionally borrow and wear my socks, thinking they were Liane's, and (you might guess where this is going... note I resisted to pun 'where' with 'wear', although I just made reference to the possibility, which is almost as good as a pun).

One day when Liane gave me a pair of my washed/laundered socks, I noticed included a sock that wasn't mine, and nor would it have been Liane's or one of here daughters' socks, because it was a bigger sock, for a man, and black like mine. And like Mark's socks.

So in this way, I ended up with a sock belonging to Mark, Liane's ex-partner. Such a sock (it struck me, given its dynamically wonderful, and somewhat emotionally odd history and journey) should very logically and naturally be called a 'swock', because it deserves a word of its own, and until 'swock' came to me, there was no word for such a sock.

Interestingly another portmanteau word, which is very old indeed, and much older than the term 'portmanteau', offers a wonderful quiz question, and is thought/creativity provoking in many ways:

The Greek equivalents of Mercury and Venus produced what biological term?

So, Mercury is the Roman winged messenger and god of trade, finance; also tellingly of travellers, gamblers, liars and thieves. And Venus is the Roman god of love, passion, beauty, fertility, and victory.

These are very big figures, as are their Greek equivalents. 

Venus was central in the Roman Empire's culture and founding beliefs. Julius Caesar claimed Venus as his direct ancestor.

And with some slights variations of duties, the earlier Greek equivalents are Hermes and Aphrodite. Their son is Hermaphroditus, with whom the nymph Salmacis fell in love, and prayed successfully to be united for ever. Hermaphroditus and Salmacis became a single joined one new deity that was both male and female. 

We assume that godly/male ranking bias of the times chose to ignore a more logical and balanced portmanteau combining Hermaphroditus and Salmacis, although the options are not particularly pleasing, for example, Hermalmacis or Hermalcis. And Salphroditus is basically all female, and looks like a skin disease.

Anyway, besides the fact that Hermaphroditus came into English several hundred years ago via Latin as Hermaphrodite (meaning, as it did in Ancient Greek, a biological male and female creature or living thing), another fascinating aspect to this story (which like many stories reflects and sustains biases and 'truths' for many people long ago, and still now to a degree) is that Hermes (remember that is Hermaphroditus's dad, are you following this?..) was born to Maia (daughter of Atlas, the Titan who held the heavens on his shoulders, before the mere Olympian gods) after Maia was secretly raped in her sleep by Zeus, ancient Greek god of sky and thunder, and king of the gods of Mount Olympus.

So one of the founding human civilisations, the Ancient Greeks, had central in their story (their 'truth'), that their main king god was a rapist.

There is a lot else we can explore (another time) in such stories, and how they are told and re-told as truths that millions never question.

Enough for now on 'swock', portmanteaus, hermaphrodites, and godly kings that are 'acceptable' rapists.

2.0 Emergent design

Rightly this item ('Emergent design') superseded the next item 'Things that offer emergent potential' (which was initially listed in the items listing as item 2), after the latter item was first published as a heading for point 2.

Of course it makes sense to explain emergent design and the concept of emergence, before explaining more detailed aspects of emergence, and giving examples of 'things that offer emergent potential'.

This change (the insertion of 'Emergent design', and moving 'things that offer emergent potential' to the next point) is itself an example of emergent design, and how modern technology (here, online publishing) enables a creative work to emerge. This wasn't possible when publishing depended on printing on paper.

In this case a better structure emerged. It's helpful to note that while I was 'mistaken' in my initial structure, I was able to both correct the mistake, and also crucially 'capture' and record/publish the item 'Things that offer emergent potential', and then perhaps more crucially continue to add more ideas as they came to me. If I'd agonised about being correct about the proper point 2, then I would have stopped the flow of other items, which initially I listed to about 8 points.

This example shows a particular feature and power of emergent design, that is, being able to 'scope' and publish and/or share big broad ideas before attending to details. In wider examples of emergent design, other people and environments and systems offer feedback, suggestions, improvements, criticisms, etc., and adapt and adopt initially shared broad creative work. The initial creator (if there actually is such a thing, given that we are all building on prior influences, if only to a tiny degree) simply starts the process, and stays involved to varying degrees.

The expression, "Standing on the shoulders of giants," an adaptation of a quote by Isaac Newton, is an interpretation of emergent design. The principle/concept of standing on the shoulders of giants, and emergent design, is actually thousands of years old; in fact generally humankind has advanced by emergent design, until recent times, especially since globalization, which has enabled the existentially threatening control of the modern age by (in terms of my understanding) the denialism and fear of wealthy elite.


Standing On The Shoulders of Giants

"A dwarf standing on the shoulders of a giant may see farther than the giant himself." (Attributed variously to Marcus Annaeus Lucanus, aka Lucan, Roman poet, AD39-65, and to Didacus Stella, aka Diego de Estella, Spanish theologian, 1524-78, and others since including Coleridge and Newton. See the Newton quote below.)

"If I have seen a little further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants." (Sir Isaac Newton, 1643-1727, English physicist and philosopher, written in 1676 seemingly to fellow scientist Robert Hooke, and, as a matter of interest, abridged on the edge of the English modern £2 coin, apparently in Newton's honour. Rfeer also to the Lucanus/Stella quote on the same subject above.)

(The above and lots more life-world-changing quotes and concepts, see -


2.1 Things that offer emergent potential

This seems a logical next item. Watch this space.

3. We should all wash our clothes, and ourselves, much less, and using much less chemical product

This is another subject arising within item 1. Watch this space.

4. Ten amazing uses for a free 'throw-away' plastic milk bottle

I've been working on this, and it's been emerging, for many years. Watch this space.

5. Every street should and can have a suicide sanctuary

I've been working on this, and it's been emerging, for many years. 

There is infinitely more to this proposition and opportunity than first seems.

Infinite is accurate, because it's about life, the universe and everything.

Watch this space.

6. Every street should and can have a profitable community recycling facility 

I've been working on this, and it's been emerging, for many years. Watch this space.

7. The people who have the most luxury in life are at greatest risk

The weak are the strong, essentially. It's closely linked to Dabrowski/Tillier's Positive Disintegration, and bias and denialism.

I've been working on this, and it's been emerging, for many years. Watch this space.

8. Good death

Death is the key to our self, and to life and purpose, meaning, love and peace. 

This is my truth. It's not for everyone. Especially at different stages of our life and growth.

We are each individual and each free to choose what we make of ourselves, and everything else.

Watch this space.

9. Education, what, why, how to change it?

Education (and implictly learning and growth, individually, societally, globally) is really the answer to every challenge.

It must change. More fundamentally than most imagine.

Watch this space. 

10. Suicide

Suicide is a bigger taboo than death, and yet suicide is for me the most powerful way to understand life, and everything. 

(See point 5 too).

For understanding the universe in a scientifically objective sense, mathematics and physics arguably offer the deepest insights but life is more complex than 'the universe', which exists independently of homo sapiens (human beings) and other life on earth. 

Life is an additional dimension, besides and within the universe, and not necessarily part of the universe. 

Also, importantly, life containing human thinking and feeling is infinitely more complex than the universe. 

This is because our minds - our brains/thoughts/feelings/etc - determine the realities that we make for ourselves, individually, societally, globally; in other words, the way we use our minds determines what life means, and is.

Suicide is the most perplexing aspect of how humans use their minds.

Nothing else in human existence is as complex as suicide.

Suicide challenges and invites us to consider what it is to exist, and the nature of humanity, more deeply than any other subject.

I'm open to alternative suggestions, if you have any.

Meanwhile, if you'd like to understand more, I recommend strongly Al Alvarez's extraordinary seminal 1972 book on suicide, called The Savage God.

Watch this space for more about this.

11. and more 

Watch this space.

Thanks for reading. 

Mainly because I am a simple man and there are much wiser cleverer people out there than me (and you're probably one if you've read this far), any changemakers/leaders/anybody at all seeking to accelerate their own learning, or share their own knowledge/power faster than this series of creative leadership articles is emerging, can contact me (please do), via this website or direct via

Please note that I work deeply in suicide and human extinction/threat/mitigation/survival, etc., and so it's appropriate that I offer a 'warning' that engaging on these matters, while being wonderful and joyous and beautiful and enriching beyond imaginings, can also be upsetting. 

Love and thanks, 

Alan Chapman


[ Modified: Saturday, 2 November 2019, 3:27 PM ]