A Personal Message from Alan Chapman (Businesballs founder/owner)

My partner and soulmate Liane Ashberry died in April 2015. Shortly before Liane died we finished four years of writing and recording an album of original songs. The album is called Ploughed Heart, by Rude Angel (released 9th October) - we were a little amateur trio, now a duo. Our songs - especially Liane's beautiful lyrics and vocals - were mainly inspired by Liane's loss of her daughter Ella age 11 to bone cancer in 2009, together with Liane's extraordinary love, fun, spirituality and generosity in life. The songs are variously touching, uplifting, sad, etc., and some people seem to love them. After losing Ella, Liane raised over £60,000 for bone cancer research and children's cancer treatment facilities. She was the most selfless giving person I have ever known. Proceeds of our album will as far as possible go to Liane's charities, extended now to mental health and suicide reduction, because sadly Liane took her own life. The devastation is beyond words. If you can support us in any way I would be hugely grateful. See our band's website www.rudeangel.co.uk, and our facebook page. You can hear all the songs free at Soundcloud. There is a Youtube video of the single 'Rhythm of Sound' from the album. To promote the album, please sign up to our 'Thunderclap' which will announce the album on 24th October to all of your Facebook/Twitter contacts. Thank you so much. Love to you all, Alan Chapman xxx.

P.S. If you wish to send a message please post a comment or like us on our Facebook page, or share something about us, or follow/retweet us on Twitter, or help spread the word in some other way. Thanks.

quizballs 157 - environmental knowledge quiz - questions & answers

free environmental knowledge quiz questions and answers - for sustainability teaching and training, pub quizzes, team games, learning and fun

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quizballs 157 - free environmental knowledge quiz - questions and answers for environmental teaching and learning, group work, team games, pub quizzes


  1. According to a global study of wind power in 2005 what extent of the world's total energy usage could be satisfied if all viable wind power locations were exploited: 1%; 10%; 75%; or Five times? Five times (source: Evaluation of Global Wind Power by Archer & Jacobson)
  2. What word, derived loosely from 'two oxygens', refers to a highly toxic group of pollutant chemicals produced typically as by-products from manufacturing processes? Dioxins (also interestingly in the USA, and no doubt elsewhere globally, produced mostly by 'backyard burning')
  3. A photovoltaic module is more commonly known as what? Solar panel
  4. Sulphur/sulfur dioxide and (various) nitrogen oxides are the main contributory factors in what unhelpful environmental effect: Acid rain; Landfill run-off; Global warming; or Pesticides? Acid rain
  5. What structural modification of oxygen is an air pollutant in the lower atmosphere but beneficial in the upper atmosphere? Ozone
  6. Used in various environmental terminology referring to organic life, what prefix derives from the original Greek meaning 'the course of human life'? Bio (from Greek, bios)
  7. What is the climate change agreement aimed at stabilizing greenhouse gas levels in the atmosphere, named after the Japanese city in which participating nations agreed its framework in 1997? Kyoto Protocol
  8. Photopollution is a technical alternative word for what sort of pollution? Light (specifically artificial light - i.e., pollution of the natural light or darkness in the sky or environment, externally and potentially internally, by artificial light)
  9. In excess of how many gallons of water are lost each day in the USA to leaks, equating to 14% of all 'withdrawals': Six million, Sixty million, Six hundred million; or Six billion? Six billion (According to the US EPA, Environmental Protection Agency, as at 2011)
  10. The UN Stockholm Convention signed in 2001 seeks to limit the production and use of what, abbreviated to POPs? Persistent Organic Pollutants (or more loosely and notably, pesticides, for example DDT, extending to related chemicals such as herbicides)
  11. What colourless/colorless, odourless/odorless, poisonous polluting gas is chiefly emitted by small engines typically used in lawn-mowers and chainsaws, etc? Carbon monoxide
  12. What highly toxic element was traditionally used in thermometers, posing a substantial safety and disposal risk? Mercury
  13. The 1987 Montreal Protocol concerns specifically, and includes in its full title, substances that deplete what? The Ozone Layer
  14. Carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and sulphur/sulfur hexafluoride are widely referred to by what collective metaphorical term? Greenhouse Gases
  15. From the Greek root words for 'house' and 'study of' what term refers to the scientific study of the relationship between living things, and their natural environment? Ecology
  16. An 'R number' identifies what sort of substance having potentially significant impact on global warming when used in heating/cooling applications? Refrigerant
  17. If electricity costs say 5p (or 5 cents) per kilowatt/hour, how much does a conventional 100W light bulb cost to run in a year if it is left on permanently? £43.80 (or $43.80 - a 365-day year - the calculation is: 0.05p x 0.1kw x 24hrs x 365days = 43.80)
  18. The DuPont trade name Freon has become an alternative name for which abbreviated compound name strongly associated with global warming? CFC (chlorofluorocarbon - containing carbon, chlorine, and fluorine - used in refrigerants and aerosol propellants, and whose manufacture is being phased out by the Montreal Protocol)
  19. The 'R-value' used in the building and construction industry is a measure of what quality of a materials: Life expectancy; Cost; Thermal resistance; or Tensile strength? Thermal resistance (meaning extent of heat insulation quality)
  20. Which three of these waste products are safe and helpful to compost (and by exception which are not): Dairy products, Egg shells, Sawdust, Lard, Fish bones, Tea-bags, Pet waste? Egg shells, Sawdust, Tea-bags (so Dairy products, Lard, Fish bones, and Pet waste are not - this according to the US Environmental Protection Agency)


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